Children’s cataracts are a significant reason for blindness in several developing nations where access to medical care and treatments is limited. A cataract is a clouding of the normally clear lens of the eye. It typically enlarges with time, resulting in hazy and foggy vision. There are various forms of cataracts
based on the affected area of the eye’s lens, like the center, the corners, or the back. A cataract does not develop suddenly & may either appear in one or both eyes. If left untreated, they can result in blindness.
Cataracts are often age-related but can occur at any age due to hereditary reasons, causes connected to lifestyle, or other disorders. However, it typically appears with a protein build-up in the eye as people age. It might also develop due to eye injury or after eye surgery
for another issue.
What are the signs and symptoms of cataracts?
- Hazy, dull, or blurry vision
- Seeing challenges in dim light either at night
- Lighting sensitivity
- The subdued or faded appearance of colors
- Perception of a “halo” surrounding bright lights
- The world appears to be becoming increasingly “washed out.”
Root Causes of Cataracts
The majority of cataracts are due to the natural aging process. Still, some might be due to other circumstances, including the use of corticosteroids or eye injury. Additionally, having diabetes increases your risk of getting a cataract. Sometimes cataracts are hereditary (existing at birth) or emerge during childhood but are less frequent.
Common Diagnosis For Cataracts
Normally, an eye chart is used in a visual acuity exam to determine how well you are able to read a string of words. During this, one of your eyes is tested at a time, with the other concealed. The doctor also examines the eyes and analyse your medical records and symptoms to see if you have a cataract. The doctor might also do several tests, such as:
- Slit-lamp analysis
- Test of image quality
- An optical checkup
- Tonometry through application
The eye doctor
can enlarge the components in the center of your eye using a slit light. He might also illuminate the corneal
, iris, lenses, and cornea with the microscope, also known as a splitting lamp.
Which are the treatments for cataracts?
The only treatment for cataracts is eye surgery; however, you might not require it immediately. Some might have to cope with a new medication or change their glasses when diagnosed at an early stage. Sometimes, a thicker lens may improve your eyesight.
Try using a brighter bulb or a magnifying glass if you are having problems reading. Try out some specialised glasses with an anti-glare layer if glare bothers you. However, when your vision problems start interfering with your everyday activities, specifically if symptoms are severe, it’s time to discuss eye surgery with your doctor.