The parathyroid glands are different than the thyroid gland, even though the names are similar. The four parathyroid glands are usually on the back of the thyroid gland, but they can be located around the jaw or neck.
Parathyroid glands secrete a hormone called PHT. The PHT regulates the exchange of calcium between the blood and the bones. When the parathyroid gland is over active, too much calcium is pulled out of the bones. This is called hyperparathyroidism or parathyroid disease.
Bones need calcium for strength. The brain needs calcium to think and muscles need calcium to contract. Too little calcium in the bones will cause a serious condition called osteoporosis (brittle bone disease). Too much calcium in the blood increases the risk of having a stroke and can make people feel sick.
At Saudi German Hospital, we offer a range of treatment options for hyperparathyroidism. The first step in treatment is to diagnose the cause of the hyperparathyroidism, which may include blood tests, imaging studies, and a biopsy of the parathyroid gland.
The most common treatment for hyperparathyroidism is surgical removal of the parathyroid gland that is overactive. Minimally invasive parathyroidectomy is performed by making a small incision in the neck, using a small camera, and removing the affected parathyroid gland. This procedure is done under general anesthesia and patients can return home the same day.
In some cases, medical management may be recommended for treatment of hyperparathyroidism. Medications such as cinacalcet may be used to control PTH levels.
At Saudi German Hospital, our team of highly skilled and experienced surgeons and endocrinologists will work with you to develop a personalized treatment plan that is right for you. Our state-of-the-art facility and advanced technology allow us to provide the highest level of care for our patients.
If you have been experiencing symptoms of hyperparathyroidism, it is important to seek treatment as soon as possible. Contact Saudi German Hospital to schedule an appointment with one of our specialists today.