Our urine contains certain dissolved minerals and salts. When your urine has high levels of these minerals and salts, you can form stones. Kidney stones can start small but can grow larger in size, even filling the inner hollow structures of the kidney. Some stones stay in the kidney, and do not cause any problems. Sometimes, the kidney stone can travel down the ureter, the tube between the kidney and the bladder. If the stone reaches the bladder, it can be passed out of the body in urine. If the stone becomes lodged in the ureter, it blocks the urine flow from that kidney and causes pain.
Following are the causes of Kidney Stones:
Common symptoms of kidney stones include:
Your treatment depends upon the type of stones that you may have and how long you have had them. However, common treatment criteria for Kidney stones include:
Smaller stones are more likely than larger stones to pass on their own. Waiting up to four to six weeks for the stone to pass is safe as long as the pain is bearable, there are no signs of infection, the kidney is not completely blocked, and the stone is small enough that it is likely to pass. While waiting for the stone to pass, you should drink normal amounts of water. You may need pain medication when there is discomfort.
The most common medication prescribed for this reason is tamsulosin. Tamsulosin (Flomax) relaxes the ureter, making it easier for the stone to pass. You may also need pain and anti-nausea medicine as you wait to pass the stone.
Surgery may be needed to remove a stone from the ureter or kidney if:
At Saudi German Hospital, our clinic of Urology is fully equipped with state-of-the-art technology followed by the latest foreign quality treatment procedures. Our expert and highly qualified team of doctors are an asset for the Saudi German Hospital. They will assist you and help you in every way possible.